Installing Subversion on Windows

I’m sure there are many many guides to install Subversion, however I’m going to document the process briefly here for completeness. Installing the actually service is a fairly simple process, download the latest windows package from here. Run this like you would install any other install program. This puts all the necessary executables on your system and sets your path so that you can access these. Now to set up a repository, use the svnadmin create <reponame> This places a folder in with the new database in your current working directory. This is the basic procedure for creating any new repository, unfortunately it is inaccessible by any means other than direct file access.

For network access, there are 2 options, HTTP or Subversion’s own protocol. HTTP is the protocol generally used for the repository’s however, the svn protocol requires much less setting up. In fact, all that is needed to get it up and running is the command svnserve -r -d. This is then accessible across the network with the repository address svn://hostname/pathrelativetotherepodir. Easy!

Setting up the HTTP access is a little more complicated, there is an elaborate howto already written. So I’m just going to rush over it all. First thing’s first, download and install the Apache HTTP Server. Now you must enable the svn modules in apache, this entails copying the and modules out of the Subversion install directory and into the Apache modules directory and enabling them in the httpd.conf. This is done by adding

LoadModule dav_module modules/
LoadModule dav_svn_module modules/
LoadModule authz_svn_module modules/

to it. While you are at it, add a line including a subversion configuration file to httpd.conf that looks like
Include c:/etc/subversion.conf
This means that any further edits to the httpd.conf regarding subversion can be performed there.

Now to put the finishing touches edit the subversion.conf file you are pointing to and add directives like the following.

<location /project1>
DAV svn
SVNPath C:/Repositories/project1

AuthType Basic
AuthName "Subversion Project1 repository"
AuthUserFile c:/etc/svn-auth-file

Require valid-user

AuthzSVNAccessFile c:/etc/svn-acl

This will set up the repository at http://localhost/project1 and give it password protected access according to an apache style password file and a subversion acl file.

Normally I would set this up to be controlled with Windows based authentication which isn’t too much of a hassle, you must download the sspi authentication module for apache and enable it in your httpd.conf. with this line
LoadModule sspi_auth_module modules/
then change your subversion.conf file to this…
<location /project1>
DAV svn
SVNPath C:/Repositories/project1

# authentication
AuthName "Subversion Authentication"
AuthType SSPI
SSPIAuthoritative On
SSPIOfferBasic On
Require valid-user

# authorization
AuthzSVNAccessFile c:/etc/svn-acl

Bear in mind the DOMAIN should be changed to your windows domain.

Changing the access lists is still exactly the same as it was outlined in the SVN manual however, users should be specified by their full names ie. WAKELESS\michael

Learning about Australian Income Tax

I think there is a lot of misinformation about how our income tax works here in Australia, especially regarding having a second job. Now, I don’t have a complete understanding of how it all works (who does) but having spent a few weeks on it in High School with my favourite Maths teacher, Ms Broadbent I don’t think people should be so worried about it. My point is this, most people think that if they have a second job, the government rips them off by taxing them at 49.5%. Little do they know that that is the rate that PAYG is taken out, but not necessarily the rate you will be taxed at the end of financial year. In fact, it probably will not be the rate you are taxed at.

This is due to the fact that the amount of tax you pay is assessed on your entire taxable income (Income, less deductions) and the rate you pay on each dollar changes according to the tax brackets. Basically what this all means, is those extra dollars you are paying each week for your second job, will be coming back to you at tax return time. I was going to write a conceited example and run the figures, but instead use the tax calculator at the ATO website and note that it does not take into account how many jobs you had, only the amount of money you have earnt and the length of time you lived in Australia.

Another point where a lack of education seems to happen is surrounding HECS (now called HELP) repayments. I was under the impression that it had a “Tax Free Threshold”, however it does not. When you reach the minimum wage earned, (currently $36,185) they take a %4 cut of your entire wage. Basically the day you get the pay rise to take you over that threshold, you are going to take quite a pay cut. Again, it is probably easiest to have a look at the ATO’s HELP calculator.